Nan City Wall

by Admin

An important archaeological site of Nan Province. The Nan City Wall is historical evidence of the stability of a small state in the Nan River that can govern itself. 

The wall was built as a fortification against enemies, and it helped to prevent flooding into the city. It was built during the reign of the King Ngu Pha Som in 1426. Later, in 1517, there was a great flood due to the Nan River changing its course. Chao Sumon Thewarat ordered the city to be moved to the elephant’s eye area (Ban Phra Naet in the present.) Originally, Nan had a city wall built with an earthen embankment, as it said the ditches that appear around the moat and an area of Wat Phaya Wat.

When Chao Anantarawaritidet was the ruler of Nan, he asked for permission from King Rama IV to move Nan City back to its original position, which is the present city of Nan. After that, they rebuilt the city wall in the same way and form a state.

Although Nan has to submit to other cities many times but Nan still maintains its cultural identity. In the past, the wall was rectangular with a length of about 3,600 meters, 3.80 meters high, and 2.50 meters wide. The eastern wall stretched along the Nan River. There is a triumphal arch, which is the gate for the governor and the inner ruler used to travel to the Rattanakosin. In the south, there are Chiang Mai Gate and Tha Li Gate for the people inside the city and outside to visit each other.

At present, the wall is only 25 meters long and 5 meters high. The wall is in the west and north. Mahawong Road is connected to Anantarawaritidet Road in 1993. The Department of Art restored the wall and dilapidated parts, a total was 415 meters, and registered it as a National Historic Site on October 25, 1994.

Nan City Wall Map

Address: Mahawong Road, Nai Wiang Subdistrict, Mueang Nan District, Nan Province 55000

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Nan is a province in the north of Thailand. It is one of the most beautiful places in the world.

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